Publications (Pubblicazioni)

Publications in major scientific journals (Nature, Nature Geoscience and Science)


  • Vannucchi P., Spagnuolo E., Ujiie K., Aretusini S., Di Toro G., Nielsen S., Tsutsumi A., 2017. Past seismic slip-to-the-trench recorded in Central America megathrust.  Nature Geoscience, vol. 10, pp. 935-940, 10.1038/s41561-017-0013-4.

  • Kendrick, J. E., Lavallée, Y., Hirose, T, Di Toro, G., Hornby, A.J., De Angelis, S., Dingwell, D.B. 2014. Volcanic drumbeat seismicity caused by stick-slip motion and magmatic frictional melting. Nature Geoscience, vol. 7, pp. 438-442.

  • Di Toro, G., Han R., Hirose, T., De Paola, N., Nielsen, S., Mizoguchi, K., Ferri, F., Cocco, M., Shimamoto, T., 2011. Fault lubrication during earthquakesNature 471, 494-498 (I.F. 36.3).

  • Burlini, L., Di Toro, G., 2008. Volcanic Symphony in the labScience 322, 207-208 (I.F. 31.1).

  • Di Toro, G., Hirose, T., Nielsen, S., Pennacchioni, G., Shimamoto, T., 2006. Natural and experimental evidence of melt lubrication of faults during earthquakesScience 311, 647-649 (I.F. 31.1).

  • Di Toro, G., Nielsen, S., Pennacchioni, G., 2005. Earthquake rupture dynamics frozen in exhumed ancient faults. Nature436, 1009-1012 (I.F. 36.3).

  • Di Toro, G., Goldsby D.L., Tullis, T.E., 2004. Friction falls towards zero in quartz rock as slip velocity approaches seismic ratesNature 427, 436-439 (I.F. 36.3). 



PEER-REVIEWED PUBLICATIONS (underlined: M.S., Ph.D. or Post-Doc advised or co-advised by GDT)




1.      Guerin-Marthe S., Nielsen S., Bird R., Di Toro G., Giani S., 2018. Earthquake Nucleation Size: Evidence of Loading Rate Dependence in Laboratory Faults. Journal of Geophysical Research, accepted.


2.      Rowe C., Lamothe K., Rempe M., Andrews M., Mitchell T., Di Toro G., White J.C., 2018. Earthquake lubrication and healing explained by amorphous nanosilica. Nature Communications, accepted.


3.      Rempe M., Mitchell T., Renner J., Smith S.A.F., Bistacchi A., Di Toro G., 2018. The relationship between microfracture damage and the physical properties of fault-related rocks: The Gole Larghe Fault Zone, Italian Southern AlpsJournal of Geophysical Research, vol. 123, pp. 7661-7687,


4.      Savage H., Rabinowitz H., Spagnuolo E., Aretusini S., Polissar P., Di Toro G., 2018. Biomarker thermal maturity experiments at earthquake slip ratesEarth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 502, pp. 253-261,


5.      Leah H., Fondriest M., Lucca A., Storti F., Balsamo F., Di Toro G., 2018, Coseismic extension recorded within the damage zone of the Vado di Ferruccio Thrust Fault, Central Apennines, Italy. Journal of Structural Geology, vol. 114, pp. 121–138,


6.      Giacomel P., Spagnuolo E., Manuela N., Marzoli A., Passelegue F., Youbi N., Di Toro G., 2018. Frictional instabilities and carbonation of basalts triggered by injection of pressurized H2O-  and CO2-rich fluidsGeophysical Research Letters, vol. 45, pp.  1-10, (GRL57585), doi:10.1029/2018GL078082.


7.      Murphy S., G. Di Toro, F. Romano, A. Scala, S. Lorito, E. Spagnuolo, S. Aretusini, G. Festa, A. Piatanesi, S. Nielsen, 2018. Tsunamigenic earthquake simulations using experimentally derived friction laws.  Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 486, pp. 155-165, .






1.      Ferré E.C., Meado A.L., Geissman J., Di Toro G., Spagnuolo E., Ueda T., Ashwal L.D., Deseta N., Andersen T.B., Filiberto J., Conder J.A., 2017,Earthquakes in the mantle? Insights from rock magnetism of pseudotachylytes. Journal of Geophysical Research. vol. 122 (11), 10.1002/2017JB014618, pp.1-17.


2.      Vannucchi P., Spagnuolo E., Ujiie K., Aretusini S., Di Toro G., Nielsen S., Tsutsumi A., 2017. Past seismic slip-to-the-trench recorded in Central America megathrust.  Nature Geoscience vol. 10, pp. 935-940, doi:   10.1038/s41561-017-0013-4.


3.      Kuo L.-W., Di Felice F., Spagnuolo E., Di Toro G., Song S.-R., Aretusini S., Li H., Suppe J., Si J., Wen C.-Y., 2017 Fault gouge graphitization as evidence of past seismic slipGeology vol. 45, pp. 979-982, doi:10.1130/G39295.1.


4.      Smeraglia L., Bettucci A., Billi A., Carminati E., Cavallo A., Di Toro G., Natali M., Passeri D., Rossi M., Spagnuolo E., 2017. Microstructural evidence for seismic and aseismic slip along clay bearing, carbonate faults. Journal of Geophysical Research, 10.1002/2017JB014042, pp. 1-21.


5.      Pischiutta M., Fondriest M., Demurtas M., Magnoni F., Di Toro G.,  Rovelli A., 2017. Structural control on the directional amplification of seismic noise (Campo Imperatore, central Italy)Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 471, pp. 10-18.


6.      Smeraglia L., Billi A., Carminati E., Cavallo A., Di Toro G., Spagnuolo E., Zorzi F., 2017. Ultra-thin clay layers facilitate  seismic slip in carbonate rocksNature Scientific Reports, pp. 1-10, vol. 7: 664 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-017-00717-4.


7.      Rempe M., Smith S., Mitchell T., Hirose T., Di Toro G., 2017. The effect of water on strain localization in calcite fault gouge sheared at seismic slip ratesJournal of Structural Geology, vol. 97, pp. 104-117.


8.      Aretusini S., Spagnuolo E., Mittempergher S., Plumper O., Gualtieri A., Di Toro G., 2017.  Production of nanoparticles during experimental deformation of smectites and implications for seismic slip. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 463, pp. 221-231.


9.      Fondriest M., Doan M.-L., Aben F., Fusseis F., Mitchell T., Voorn M., Secco M., Di Toro G., 2017, Static versus dynamic fracturing in shallow carbonate fault zones. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.  461, pp. 8-19


10.    Smith, S.A.F., Griffith, J.R., Fondriest, M., Di Toro, G., 2017. “Coseismic foliations” in gouge and cataclasite: experimental observations and consequences for interpreting the fault rock record. In: “Fault-zone Dynamic Processes: Evolution of Fault Properties During Seismic Rupture”, Eds. M. Thomas, T. Mitchell, H. Bath, Geophysical Monograph Series Vol. 227, (American Geophysical Union Special Volume, Washington D.C., USA), pp. 81-102. doi/10.1002/9781119156895






1.      Beeler, N., Di Toro, G., Nielsen, S., 2016. Earthquake source properties from pseudotachylite. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America.10.1785/0120150344.


2.      Mitchell M. M., Toy V., Di Toro G., Renner J., Sibson R., 2016. Fault welding by pseudotachylyte formationGeology, vol. 44, no. 12,  pp. 1059–1062,  doi: 10.1130/G38373.1.


3.      Passelegue F.X., Spagnuolo E., Violay M., Nielsen S., Di Toro G., Schubnel A., 2016. Frictional evolution, acoustic activity and off-fault damage in simulated faults sheared at seismic slip ratesJournal of Geophysical Research, vol. 121, pp. 1-24, doi:10.1002/2016JB012988. 


4.      Demurtas M., Fondriest M., Balsamo F., Clemenzi L., Storti F., Bistacchi A., Di Toro G. 2016. Structure of a normal seismogenic fault zone in carbonates: the Vado di Corno Fault, Campo Imperatore, Central Apennines (Italy)Journal of Structural Geology, vol. 90, pp. 185-206, doi:10.1016/j.jsg.2016.08.004.


5.      Spagnuolo E., Plümper O., Violay M., Cavallo A., Di Toro G., 2016, Dislocations motion and the microphysics of flash heating and weakening of faults during earthquakesCrystals, vol. 6, 1-14, 83; doi:10.3390/cryst6070083.


6.      Spagnuolo E., Nielsen S., Violay M., Di Toro G., 2016. An empirically-based steady-state friction law and implications for fault stability.Geophysical Research Letters, 43, doi:10.1002/2016GL067881.


7.      Nielsen B.S., Spagnuolo E., Smith S.A.F., Violay M., Di Toro G., Bistacchi A., 2016. G: Fracture energy, friction and dissipation earthquakes.Journal of Seismology, doi: 10.1007/s10950-016-9560-1.


8.      Nielsen B.S., Spagnuolo E., Smith S.A.F., Violay M., Di Toro G., Bistacchi A., 2016. Scaling in natural and laboratory earthquakesGeophysical Research Letters vol. 43, doi:10.1002/2015GL067490.






1.      Spagnuolo E, Plumper O., Violay M., Cavallo A., Di Toro G. 2015. Fast-moving dislocations trigger flash weakening in carbonates during earthquakesNature Scientific Reports, 5:16112, DOI: 10.1038/srep1611.


2.      Violay M., Di Toro G., Nielsen S., Spagnuolo E., Burg J.P., 2015. Thermo-mechanical pressurization of experimental faults in cohesive rocks during seismic slipEarth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 429, pp.1-10.


3.      Fondriest M., Aretusini S., Di Toro G., Smith S.A.F. 2015. Fracturing and rock pulverization along an exhumed seismogenic fault zone in dolostones: the Foiana Fault Zone (Southern Alps, Italy)Tectonophysics, vol. 654, pp. 56-74.


4.      Remitti F., Smith S.A.F., Gualtieri A.F., Mittempergher S., Di Toro G., 2015. Frictional properties of fault zone gouges from the J-FAST drilling project (Mw 9.0 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake). Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 42, pp. 1-9, doi:10.1002/2015GL063507.


5.      Smith S.A.F., Nielsen S., Di Toro G., 2015. Strain localization and the onset of dynamic weakening in calcite fault gouge.  Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 413, pp. 25-36.


6.      Mitchell M.T., Smith S.A.F., Anders M., Di Toro G., Nielsen S., Cavallo A., Beard D.A., 2015. Catastrophic emplacement of giant landslides aided by thermal decomposition: Heart Mountain, WyomingEarth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 411, pp. 1-9.






1.      Proctor B.P., Mitchell T., Hirth G., Goldsby D., Zorzi F., Platt J.D.,  Di Toro G., 2014. Dynamic weakening of serpentinite gouges and bare-surfaces at seismic slip ratesJournal of Geophysical Research, v. 119, doi:10.1002/2014JB011057.


2.      Rempe M., Smith S.,A.F., Ferri F., Mitchell T., Di Toro, G., 2014. Clast-cortex aggregates in experimental and natural calcite bearing fault zones.Journal of Structural Geology, v. 68, p. 142-157.


3.      Dempsey, E.D., Holdsworth, R.E., Imber, J., Bistacchi, A, Di Toro, G, 2014. A geological explanation for intraplate earthquake clustering complexity: the zeolite-bearing fault/fracture networks in the Adamello Massif (Southern Italian Alps)Journal of Structural Geology, vol. 66, pp. 58-74, doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2014.04.009.


4.      Kendrick, J. E., Lavallée, Y., Hirose, T, Di Toro, G., Hornby, A.J., De Angelis, S., Dingwell, D.B. 2014. Volcanic drumbeat seismicity caused by stick-slip motion and magmatic frictional meltingNature Geoscience, vol. 7, pp. 438-442.


5.      Violay, M.Di Toro, G., Nielsen S., Gibert B., Spagnuolo E., Azais P., Del Gaudio, P., Scarlato, P.G., 2014. Effect of glass on the frictional behavior of basalts at seismic slip ratesGeophysical Research Letters. 10.1002/2013GL058601, pp.348-355.


6.      Mittempergher, S., Dallai, L., Pennacchioni, G., Renard, F., Di Toro, G., 2014. Origin of hydrous fluids at seismogenic depth: constraints from natural and experimental fault rocks. Earth and Planetary Science Letters vol. 385, pp. 97-109.


7.      Kuo, L.-W., Li, H., Smith, S.A.F., Di Toro, G., SuppeJ., Song, S.-R., Nielsen, S., Sheu, H.-S., Si, J., 2014. Gouge graphitization and dynamic fault weakening during the 2008 Mw 7.9 Wenchuan earthquakeGeology,  vol. 42, pp. 43-46.


8.      Violay M., Nielsen S., Gibert B., Spagnuolo E., Cavallo, A., Vinciguerra S., Azais P., Di Toro, G., 2014. Effect of water on the frictional behavior of cohesive rocks during earthquakesGeology, vol. 42, pp. 27-30.






1.      Fondriest M., Smith S.A.F., Candela T., Nielsen, S.B., Mair K., Di Toro G., 2013. Mirror-like faults and power dissipation during earthquakes.Geology, vol. 41, pp. 1157-1160.


Special Issue: Great Earthquakes along Subduction ZonesTectonophysics, vol. 600, pp. vi.


3.      Smith, S.A.F., Bistacchi, A., Mitchell, T., Mittempergher, S., Di Toro, G., 2013. The structure of an intraplate exhumed seismogenic fault in crystalline basementTectonophysics, vol. 599, pp. 29-44.


4.      Violay, M., Nielsen, S., Spagnuolo, E., Cinti, D., Di Toro, G., 2013. Pore fluid in experimental calcite-bearing experimental faults: abrupt weakening and geochemical signature of coseismic processesEarth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 361, pp. 74-84.


5.      Smith, S.A.F., Di Toro, G., Kim, S. Ree J-H., Nielsen S., Billi, A., Spiess, R., 2013. Co-seismic recrystallization during shallow earthquake slip.Geology, vol. 41, pp. 63-66.






1.      Griffith, W.A., Mitchell, M.T., Renner, J., Di Toro, G., 2012. Coseismic damage and softening of fault rocks at seismogenic depthsEarth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 353-354, pp. 219-230.


2.      Pittarello, L., Pennacchioni, G., Di Toro, G., 2012, Amphibolite-facies pseudotachylytes in Premosello metagabbros and felsic mylonites (Ivrea Zone,Italy). Tectonophysics, vol. 580, pp. 43-57.


3.      Fondriest, M., Smith, S.A.F., Zampieri, D., Mittempergher, S., Di Toro, G., 2012. Fault Zone Structure and Slip Localization in Dolostones, an example from the Southern Alps, ItalyJournal of Structural Geology, vol. 45, pp. 52-67.


4.      Hadizadeh, J., Mittempergher, S., Gratier, J-P., Renard, F., Di Toro, G., Richard, J., Babaie, A.H., 2012. A microstructural study of the fault rocks from the SAFOD; Implications for the deformation mechanisms and strength of the creeping segment of the San Andreas Fault.  Journal of Structural Geology, vol. 42, pp. 242-260.


5.      Di Toro, G., 2012. Photograph of the Month: Journal of Structural Geology, vol. 38, pp. 1-2.


6.      Niemeijer, A.R., Di Toro, G., Smith, S.A.F., Griffith, A.W., Bistacchi, A., Nielsen, S., 2012. Inferring earthquake physics and chemistry using an integrated laboratory and field approachJournal of Structural Geology, vol. 39, pp. 2-36.


7.      Di Toro, G., Mittempergher, S., Ferri F., Mitchell, T.M., Pennacchioni, G., 2012. The contribution of structural geology, experimental rock deformation and numerical modeling in the understanding of the seismic cycle Preface to the Special Volume "Physico-chemical processes in seismic faults". Journal of Structural Geology, vol. 38, pp. 3-10.


8.      Tisato, N., Di Toro, G., De Rossi, N., Quaresimin, M., Candela T., 2012. Experimental investigation of flash weakening in limestone. Journal of Structural Geology, vol. 38, 183-199.






1.      Ferri, F., Di Toro, G., Hirose, T., Han, R., Noda, H., Shimamoto, T., Quaresimin, M., De Rossi, N. 2011. Low- to high-velocity frictional properties of the clay-rich gouges from the slipping zone of the 1963 Vaiont slide (Northern Italy). Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, B09208, doi:10.1029/2011JB008338.


2.      Gratier, J-P., Richard, J., Renard, F., Mittempergher, S., Doan, M-L., Di Toro, G., Hadizadeh, J., Boullier, A-M., 2011. Aseismic sliding of active faults by pressure solution creep: evidence from the San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD). Geology, 39, 1131-1134.


3.      Niemeijer, A.R., Di Toro, G., Nielsen, S., Di Felice, F. 2011.  Frictional melting of gabbro under extreme experimental  conditions of normal stress, acceleration and sliding velocityJournal of Geophysical Research, 116, B07404, doi:10.1029/2010JB008181.


4.      Bistacchi, A., Griffith, W.A., Smith, S.A.F., Di Toro, G., Jones, R., Nielsen, S. 2011. Fault roughness at seismogenic depths from LIDAR and photogrammetric analysisPure and Applied Geophysics, doi:10.1007/s00024-011-0301-7, vol. 168 (2011), 2345–2363.


5.      Di Toro, G., Han R., Hirose, T., De Paola, N., Nielsen, S., Mizoguchi, K., Ferri, F., Cocco, M., Shimamoto, T., 2011. Fault lubrication during earthquakesNature, vol. 471, 494-498.


6.      Smith, S., Billi, A., Di Toro, G., Speiss, R., 2011. Microstructures of Principal Slip Zones in Limestone, and Implications for the Seismic Cycle (Tre Monti fault, central Apennines, Italy). Pure and Applied Geophysics, doi:10.1007/s00024-011-0267-5, vol. 168, 2365–2393.


7.      Mittempergher, S., Di Toro, G., Gratier, J-P., Hadizadeh, J., Smith, S.A.F., Spiess, R., 2011, Evidence of transient increases of fluid pressure 1 in SAFOD phase III  cores. Geophysical Research Letters, v.38, L03301, doi:10.1029/2010GL046129.


8.      De Paola, N., Hirose, T., Mitchell, T., Di Toro, G., Togo, T., Shimamoto, T. 2011. Fault lubrication and earthquake propagation in thermally unstable rocks.  Geology, vol. 39, pp. 35-38.






1.      Di Toro, G., Niemeijer, A.R., Tripoli A., Nielsen S., Di Felice F., Scarlato P., Spada G., Alessandroni R., Romeo G., Di Stefano G., Smith S., Mariano S. 2010. From field geology to earthquake simulation: a new state-of-the-art tool to investigate rockfriction during the seismic cycle (SHIVA)Rendiconti Lincei, vol. 21 (Suppl 1) S95-S114, DOI: 10.1007/s12210-010-0097-x, pp. 1-20.


2.      Ferri F., Di Toro G., Hirose T., Shimamoto T. 2010Evidences of thermal pressurization in high velocity friction experiments on smectite-rich gouges. Terra Nova, vol. 22, pp. 347-353.


3.      Nielsen, S., Mosca, P., Giberti, G., Di Toro, G., Hirose, T., Shimamoto, T. 2010. On the transient behavior of frictional melt during seismic slip.Journal of Geophysical ResearchVol. 115, B10301, doi:10.1029/2009JB007020, pp. 1-21.


4.      Nielsen, S., Di Toro, G., Griffith, A. 2010. Friction and roughness of a melting rock surfaceGeophysical Journal International, vol. 182, pp. 299-310.


5.      Griffith, A., Nielsen, S., Di Toro, G., Smith, F.A.S. 2010. Rough Faults, Distributed Weakening, and Off-Fault Deformation. Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 115, B08409, doi:10.1029/2009JB006925, pp. 1-22.


6.      Nestola F., Mittempergher S., Di Toro G., Zorzi F., Pedron D. 2010. Evidence of dmisteinbergite (hexagonal form of CaAl2Si2O8) in pseudotachylyte: A tool to constrain the thermal history of a seismic event. American Mineralogist, vol. 95, 405-409.


7.      Pittarello, L., Pennacchioni, G., Di Toro, G., 2010. Deep-seated pseudotachylytes from the Ivrea Zone metagabbros (Southern Alps, Italy)Trabajos de Geologia, vol. 30, pp. 134-139.


8.      Meneghini, F., Di Toro, G., Rowe, D.C., Moore, J.C., Tsutsumi, A., Yamaguchi, A., 2010. Record of mega-earthquakes in subduction thrusts: the black fault rocks of Pasagshak Point (Kodiak Island, Alaska). Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, vol. 122, pp. 1280-1297, doi: 10.1130/B30049.1.






1.      Mittempergher, S., Pennacchioni, G., Di Toro, G. 2009. Effects of fault orientation and fluid infiltration on fault rock assemblages at seismogenic depths. Journal of Structural Geology, vol. 31, 1511-1524.


2.      Burlini, L., Di Toro, G., Meredith, P. 2009. Seismic tremor in subduction zones: the rock-physics evidenceGeophysical Research Letters, vol. 36, L08305, doi:10.1029/2009GL037735.


3.      Del Gaudio, P., Di Toro, G., Han, R., Hirose, T., Nielsen, S., Shimamoto, T., Cavallo, A., 2009. Frictional melting of peridotite and  seismic slip.Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 114, doi: 1029/2008JB005990.


4.      Griffith, W.A., Di Toro, G., Pennacchioni, G., Pollard, D.D., Nielsen, S. 2009. Static stress drop associated with brittle slip events on exhumed faultsJournal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 114, B02402.


5.      Di Toro, G., Pennacchioni G., Nielsen, S., 2009. Pseudotachylytes and Earthquake Source Mechanics. In: “Fault-zone Properties and Earthquake Rupture Dynamics”, Ed. Eiichi Fukuyama, published by the International Geophysics Series, Elsevier, pp. 87-133.






1.      Burlini, L., Di Toro, G., 2008. Volcanic Symphony in the labScience, Vol. 322, 207-208.


2.      Griffith, W.A., Di Toro, G., Pennacchioni, G., Pollard, D.D., 2008. Thin pseudotachylytes in Faults of the Mt. Abbot Quadrangle, Sierra Nevada: physical constraints for small seismic slip eventsJournal of Structural Geology, vol. 30, 1086-1094.


3.      Billi, A., Di Toro, G., 2008. Fault-related carbonate rocks and earthquake indicators: recent advances and future trends. In “Structural Geology: new research”, Eds. Sean J. Landowe and Garth M. Hammler, Novascience.


4.      Ueda, T., Obata, M., Di Toro, G., Kanagawa, K., Ozawa, K., 2008. Mantle earthquakes frozen in mylonitized ultramafic pseudotachylytes of spinel-lherzolite faciesGeology, vol. 36(8), pp. 607-610.


5.      Nielsen, S., Di Toro, G., Hirose, T., Shimamoto, T., 2008. Frictional Melt and Seismic Slip, Journal of Geophysical Research vol. 113, B01308, doi:10.1029/2007JB005122.


6.      Wibberley , C.A.J, Graham, Y., Di Toro, G., 2008. Recent advances in the understanding of fault zone internal structure: a review. In “The Internal Structure of Fault Zones – implications for mechanical and fluid flow properties”, Eds. C.A.J. Wibberley, W. Kurz, J. Imber, R.E. Holdsworth & C. Collettini, Special Volume of the Geological Society of London, Vol. 299, pp. 5-33.


7.      Pittarello, L., Di Toro, G., Bizzarri, A., Pennacchioni, G., Hadizadeh, J., Cocco, M., 2008. Energy partitioning during seismic slip in pseudotachylyte-bearing faults (Gole Larghe Fault, Adamello, Italy)Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 269, pp. 131-139.






1.      Burlini, L., Vinciguerra, S., Di Toro, G., De Natale, G., Burg, J-P, 2007. Seismicity preceding volcanic eruptions: new experimental insight.Geology, vol. 35(2), pp. 183-186.


2.      Veveakis, E., Vardoulakis, I., Di Toro, G., 2007. Thermo-poro-mechanics of creeping landslides: the 1963 Vaiont (Northern Italy) case. Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 112, F03026, doi:10.1029/2006JF000702.






1.      Di Toro, G., Hirose, T., Nielsen, S., Pennacchioni, G., Shimamoto, T., 2006. Natural and experimental evidence of melt lubrication of faults during earthquakesScience, vol. 311, 647-649.


2.      Di Toro, G., Hirose, T., Nielsen, S., Shimamoto, T., 2006. Relating high-velocity rock friction experiments to coseismic slip. In “Radiated Energy and the Physics of Faulting”, Eds. Abercrombie, R., McGarr, A., Di Toro, G., Kanamori, H., Geophysical Monograph Series Vol. 170 (American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C.), pp. 121-134.


3.      Abercrombie, R., McGarr, A., Di Toro, G., Kanamori, H., 2006. Preface of: Earthquakes: Radiated Energy and the Physics of Faulting, Geophysical Monograph Series Vol. 170 (American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C.).


4.      Abercrombie, R., McGarr, A., Kanamori, H., Di Toro, G., 2006. Introduction of: Earthquakes: Radiated Energy and the Physics of Faulting,Geophysical Monograph Series Vol. 170 (American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C.), pp. 1-2.


5.      Montesi, G.J., Di Toro, G., Simons, F.J., Akber, S., Becker, T.W., Billen, M., Deschamps, A., Kellogg, J.B., 2006. MYRES II: Dynamics of the LithosphereEOS Transactions, American Geophysical Union, vol. 87, No. 44, page 482.


6.      Pennacchioni, G., Di Toro, G., Brack, P., Menegon, L., Villa, I.M., 2006. Brittle-ductile-brittle deformation during cooling of  tonalite (Adamello, Southern Italian Alps). Tectonophysics, vol. 427, pp. 171-197.






1.      Di Toro, G., Pennacchioni, G., Teza, G., 2005. Can pseudotachylytes be used to infer earthquake source parameters? An example of limitations in the study of exhumed faults. Tectonophysics, vol. 402/1-4, pp. 3-20.


2.      Di Toro, G., Pennacchioni, G., 2005. Fault plane processes and mesoscopic structure of a strong-type seismogenic fault in tonalites (Adamello batholith, Southern Alps). Tectonophysics, vol. 402/1-4, pp. 54-79.


3.      Di Toro, G., Nielsen, S., Pennacchioni, G., 2005. Earthquake rupture dynamics frozen in exhumed ancient faults. Nature, vol. 436, pp. 1009-1012.






1.      Di Toro, G., Goldsby D.L., Tullis, T.E., 2004. Friction falls towards zero in quartz rock as slip velocity approaches seismic ratesNature, vol. 427, pp. 436-439.


2.      Di Toro, G., Pennacchioni, G., 2004. Superheated friction-induced melts in zoned pseudotachylytes within the Adamello tonalites (Italian Southern Alps). Journal of Structural Geology, vol. 26, pp. 1783-1801.






1.      Di Toro, G., Castellaro, S., 2003. A geologist’s view of earthquakes (pp. 33-37). In: Earthquake Science and Seismic Risk Reduction, Mulargia, F., Geller, R.J. Editors. NATO Science Series: IV Earth and Environmental Sciences 32. Kluwer Academic Publisher, Dordrecht, pp 338.






1.      Pennacchioni, G., Di Toro, G., Mancktelow, N.S., 2001: Strain-insensitive preferred orientation of porphyroclasts in Mont. Mary mylonites. Journal of Structural Geology, vol. 23, pp. 1281-1298.




1.      Kimura, G., Di Toro, G., Park, Jin-Oh, Underwood, M., Kanagawa, K., Ide, S., Brodsky E., (Eds.) 2013, Great Earthquakes along Subduction ZonesTectonophysics, vol. 600, pp. 1-240.

2.      Di Toro, G., Ferri, F., Mitchell, T., Mittempergher, S., Pennacchioni, G, (Eds.) 2012, Physico-Chemical Processes in Seismic FaultsJournal of Structural Geology, 38, pp. 1-278.

3.      Abercrombie, R., McGarr, A., Di Toro, G., Kanamori, H., (Eds.), 2006. Earthquakes: Radiated Energy and the Physics of FaultingGeophysical Monograph Series Vol. 170 (American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C.), pp. 1-327. ISBN 978-0-87590-435-1

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